Back Bone Fever - The Other Name Of Dengue Epidemic
Dengue fever is a vector borne disease - a disease carried by living beings. In the case of dengue, the vector is a mosquito - called Aedes mosquito. This mosquito can be easily identified among the other mosquitoes by its unique color and body structure. Aedes mosquito acts as a carrier for dengue virus. Dengue is not a seasonal disease and its spread is prevalent during the summer and rainy season. Because of its spread across the year it is considered very dangerous. Aedes mosquito acts as the carrier for dengue and the vaccine development for dengue seems challenging.
On an average there are about seventy five million dengue attacks reported every year across the globe. Although the proportion of dengue is less when compared to other deadly diseases, due to its fatal rate its classified as a dangerous and acute disease. The fatal rate of each type of dengue varies and can be greatly reduced only through prompt treatment. Dengue has an incubation period of seven to fifteen days. During this period dengue virus starts multiplying and creates a colony to disable the patient.
During the incubation period dengue starts showing various symptoms which includes acute fever in first week and a weeklong fever following the acute fever. The patient will remain fatigue during the following week. Among the patients, it is said that thirty percent will report nausea and other mild symptoms like diarrhea and vomiting after the initial fever has caught up. Post that, patient will be caught up with respiratory problems like cough, sore throat and difficulty to breathe freely. Patients are requested to remain hydrated and recommended to drink more water than usual during the recovery period.
Dengue can also be detected through clinical tests. Onset of disease can be easily identified by a complete blood test. The platelet count will be drastically reduced in a couple of days. This condition is called thrombocytopenia. Tourniquet test can also be conducted for the patients. This test will show positive for the patients with dengue. Other major symptoms include rashes in the body, bloody diarrhea. The rashes can be found maximum in the chest and arm pit area. The rashes will be in distinctive red color. World health organization characterizes dengue by the instantaneous drop in platelet count. Kids below 15 years are more prone to dengue attack than adults due to the immature immune system. Women are more vulnerable when compared to men for dengue virus.
Risk of dengue attack can be minimized by taking few precautionary measures. When there is a threat of dengue attack, the clothing has to be complete without exposed skin. This will reduce the risk of bite from mosquito. Aedes mosquito comes in to hunt during the early morning hours and late afternoon hours. It's better to stay indoors during these peak hours. The Stagnant water around the house is the main breeding place for aedes mosquito. To minimize the risk, it's better to drain the stagnant water around the house.